Muslims around the world celebrate one of the most important festivities in Islam, the Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting.
Eid al-Fitr holiday commemorates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan, the ninth month of Hijrah or Islamic Calendar.
In the Islamic lunar calendar, it falls on the 1st day of Shawwal (the 10th month in Islamic calendar) and lasts for three days. In the international (Gregorian) calendar, the dates vary from year to year drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year. The start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality.
Traditionally, it is the day (beginning at sunset) of the first sighting of the crescent moon shortly after sunset. If the moon is not observed immediately after the 29th day of the previous lunar month (either because clouds block its view or because the western sky is still too bright when the moon sets), then Eid is celebrated the following day.
Is Eid al-Fitr a holiday in the Philippines?
The Philippines are among the countries where the Eid al-Fitr is declared as a regular holiday. This year, Eid al-Fitr is expected to fall on June 26, Monday but no official proclamation has been released yet by the Malacañang Palace.
However, under Republic Act 9177, the first day of Shawwal is declared as a national holiday. The Office of Muslim Affairs (OMA) will supervise the promulgation of the rules and regulations to the provisions of the R.A. 9177 based on the suggestion of the Grand Mufti, or the highest official of religious law.
The Department of Education (DepEd) has also cited June 26, 2017 as a regular holiday in its recently released school calendar for Academic Year (A.Y.) 2017-2018.