Manila, Philippines – President Rodrigo Duterte signs Republic Act No. 11054 otherwise known as the “Organic Law for the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.”
Highlights of the RA 11054
Territorial Jurisdiction, Symbols
- The political entity under the new law shall be known as the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM).
The Bangsamoro parliament shall bear an official flag, emblem and hymn. Important note: The Bangsamoro flag shall be displayed alongside the national flag and the Lupang Hinirang shall precede the singing of the Bangsamoro hymn.
Territorial jurisdiction: The ARMM area which consists of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao automatically belongs under the new BARMM region. Additionally, six (6) towns in Lanao del Norte and 39 barangays will vote in a one-time plebiscite to determine if majority of its people want to belong to the Bangsamoro.
The six municipalities in Lanao del Norte that will vote for a one-time plebiscite include Pantar, Balo-i, Munai, Nunungan, Tagoloan, and Tangkal. The 39 barangays are located in several municipalities in North Cotabato.
Preservation of its inland waters shall be under the jurisdiction of the Bangsamoro government.
The BARMM is free to pursue its political, economic, social and cultural development.
The Bangsamoro Government
Intergovernmental relations mechanism:
An Intergovernmental Relations Body will coordinate and resolve issues on intergovernmental relations through regular consultation and continuing negotiation in a non-adversarial manner.
It shall exhaust all means to resolve issues brought before it. Unresolved issues shall be elevated to the President, through the Chief Minister.
Members of the Intergovernmental Relations Body will be appointed by the National Government and the Bangsamoro government.
- Philippine Congress-Bangsamoro Parliamnet Forum
- Fiscal Policy Board
- Joint Body for Zones of Joint Cooperation
- Infrastructure Development Board
- Energy board
- Sustainable Development Board
- Council of Leaders
The highest organ of government is the Bangsamoro Parliament.
A Chief Minister is elected as the head of the the Parliament. The parliament is composed of 80 members.
Members of the Parliament shall serve for a three-year term, but shall not serve for three consecutive terms.
Powers of the Bangsamoro government (vested upon the Parliament):
- Enact laws to promote, protect and ensure the general welfare of the Bangsamoro people and other inhabitants in the BARMM.
- Call for a referendum on important issues.
- Enact laws on initiatives.
- Conduct inquiries in aid of legislation in accordance with its rules.
- Enact a law that allows the Chief Minister, Speaker of the Parliament, and the Presiding Justice of the Shari’ah High Court.
- Granting of permits and licenses over agricultural lands and for forest management.
- Discipline its members
- Enact laws declaring Bangsamoro holidays.
- Be consulted on matters affecting the environment.
Conflict of Interest: Provisions will be patterned after the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees.
The Bangsamoro government shall recognize and fully all the basic rights of its constituents.
An Integrated System of Quality Education shall be established, maintained and supported. The Bangsamoro government shall institutionalize peace education in all levels of education.
The Madaris Educational System, Islamic and Arabic Studies shall be established, maintained and supervised by the Bangsamoro government in coordination with the Department of Education. The Civil Service Commission shall promulgate rules and regulation to set standards for the qualifications, appointments, and promotions of Madaris teachers.
A Tribal University shall also be established to address the higher educational needs of the non-Moro indigenous people.
Bangsamoro Justice System
The dispensation of the justice in the BARMM shall be in consonance with the Consitution, Shari’ah or Islamic Law, traditional or tribal laws, and other relevant laws.
Shari’ah courts within the region shall form part of the Philippine judicial system subject to the supervision of the Supreme Court.
Defense and Security
The defense and security of the Bangsamoro is the responsibility of the National government.
Members of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) shall be admitted to the Philippine National Police (PNP).
Wide latitude in taxation power has been granted to the Bangsamoro at 75% (to Bangsamoro) and 25% (to the National government) sharing for national taxes collected in the Bangsamoro territorial jurisdiction.
Bangsamoro Transition Authority (BTA)
The BTA shall be composed of 80 members appointed by the President. The elected officials of the Regional Government shall be part of the BTA.
Personnel in the education, health and social welfare offices shall be retained during the transition period.
Read full text of the Bangsamoro Organic Law:Bangsamoro Organic Law